Rivers are the lifelines of human civilization. They have been of great importance in the history of mankind, because ancient civilizations arose and flourished on the banks of mighty rivers part of the world. Rivers are the bedrock on which our civilisations are built. Apart from this rivers have also been important tourism source as people from far places especially to see their beauty and to know about their importance. Asia is also known for the best rivers it has and some of them are:
- The Yangtze: The Yangtze River is the longest river in Asia, and the third longest in the world. It is a most important river of China and there is plenty of wildlife along the river, including Tibetan antelope, Mongolian gazelles, and snow leopards.
- The Huang He: It is the world’s sixth longest river. The earliest civilizations in China settled on the banks of the Huang He. The river is also known as the River of Sorrow, and it is because the river has been a source of life and death as floods claimed lives very often. The Huang He is called the Yellow River and it is because of the colour of the silts that are carried downstream in its flow.
- The Tigris: The Tigris is one of the two main rivers of Mesopotamia-known as Iraq in modern times- the other great river being the Euphrates. The Tigris is mentioned in the Bible as the third of the four rivers branching off the river coming out of the Garden of Eden. According to Sumerian mythology, the Tigris was created by the God Enki. Basically, the word ‘Tigris’ comes from an OldPersian word that can be translated as ‘fast’ or ‘arrow-like’.
- The Ganga: The River Ganga has been considered to be sacred. Since times immemorial, the Ganga has been the holy river of the Hindus. For the most part, it is a wide and sluggish river, flowing through one of the most fertile and densely populated regions in the world. Besides being a holy river, Ganga is also worshipped as a deity in Hinduism. Because of the belief people from far come here to fulfil their wish.
- The Zhu Jiang: The Zhu Jiang River is also known as the Pearl River. This name has come from all the pearl coloured shells that lie at the bottom of the river in the section that flows through the city of Guangzhou.
- The Tarim: It is the longest inland river in China, and the second largest inland river in the world. The river is different from others because it flows mostly through a desert. Another unusual feature of this river is that like the other rivers its bed and banks keep changing as the river keeps changing its course. The Tarim River is a lifeline which safeguards the economy, nature, and the life of all ethnic groups in Tarim Basin. Therefore, it is crowned as ‘The River of Life‘, or ‘The Mother River’.