With the rise in population and pollution the only place where the nature has been left undisturbed and the national parks and the wildlife sanctuaries. National parks are dedicated to conserving a nation’s unique flora and fauna which is why every country in the world has its own national parks. These parks are rich in plants and animal species because of which you can see animals in their natural surroundings. Their natural environment and beauty has attracted many tourists because of which they have also become one of the travel destinations. Out of all countries India is very well-known to have its own national parks which protect a number of species.
Some of the renowned national parks and wildlife sanctuary which are also regarded as world’s heritage sites in India are given below:
- The Kaziranga National Park: It is the oldest park in Assam which is made up of swamps, and tall thickets of elephant grass. It has the world’s largest population of one-horned rhinoceroses as well as many other mammals, including tigers, elephants, panthers and bears, and thousands of birds too which is why the Kaziranga National Park is regarded as a heaven for wildlife.
- The Keoladeo Ghana National Park: It is simply known as Keoladeo National Park and was earlier known as the Bharatpur Bird Sanctuary. Keoladeo Ghana National Park is truly a paradise for birds, with over 380 residents and migrant species, including the Common Demoiselle and the rare Siberian cranes. It is an excellent place to spot several species of migratory birds and mammals like, jungle cat, blackbuck, geese, shanks and many more. The Keoladeo Ghana National Park was previously the private shooting preserve of the Maharajah of Bharatpur and later regarded as the national park from game sanctuary.
- Manas Wildlife Sanctuary: The Park got its name from the Manas River which flows through the park. The sanctuary because of its rich biodiversity provides critical and viable habitats for rare and endangered species, including the tiger, greater one-horned rhino, swamp deer, pygmy hog, and Bengal florican it has been selected as a world’s heritage site and it has become one of the most popular wildlife destination in India today.
- Sunderbans National Park: There is a rich variety of wildlife in the Sunderbans and the Indian Sunderbans forms the largest tiger reserve and national park in India. It is a tiger reserve which also abound other forms of wildlife like, marine life and reptiles. Sunderbans is a heaven for birdwatchers too, and the list includes rare species.
- Nanda Devi and the Valley of Flowers National Parks: It is uninhabited by Man, but is the habitat of several endangered mammals like, snow leopard, Himalayan musk deer. It is also famous for its Valley of Flowers which offers a breath-taking view.
These were some of the national parks and wildlife sanctuaries which help in saving the most endangered species and provide them the perfect surrounding for living without any risk of human involvement.